Measles, mumps and rubella (German measles) are highly contagious viral infections. The measles virus is spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus can remain active in the air or on surfaces for up to two hours.
The mumps virus is spread via droplets of saliva or mucous from the nose, mouth, and throat of an infected person. The mumps virus can be spread if cups, glasses, and utensils are shared. The virus can also be spread by touching an item or surface that has been touched by an infected person who has not washed their hands after coughing or sneezing.
The rubella virus is spread by airborne droplets of saliva when the infected person sneezes or coughs.
The MMR vaccine is given in two shots. The vaccine is usually given during childhood, the first between 12 and 15 months and the second between the ages of 4 and 6. Adults who are not sure if they have had the diseases or if they were vaccinated can get the vaccination. People born before 1956 are presumed to have had the diseases.
If you are planning to travel outside Canada and wondering if you need to get vaccinated based on your destination country, feel free to call us at (905) 475-2353 or book your appointment online for consultation with our healthcare provider.