What is Traveler’s Diarrhea? What Medication to use?
Traveler’s Diarrhea and Cholera are usually associated with those travelling to high health risk areas. Generally, it is brought about by enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC). As such, a medicine, specifically a vaccine, was created in order to combat this sickness in adults and in children of 2 years and older.
How it works is that it generally introduces dead cholera bacteria and non-toxin elements of Cholera into the body. As a result, the body is now able to form antibodies so that if the bacteria enter the body, the body’s natural defense system has the right antibodies to protect itself. The toxin produced by ETEC, which causes Traveler’s Diarrhea, and Cholera are quite similar. The general time frame for the body’s defenses to develop full protection against the illness is one week after the first course of immunization is completed.
For adults and children over the age of 6, 2 doses of the vaccine should be administered in no less than one week apart and no more than 6 weeks apart. It is best that the second dose be administered at least one week before one’s departure. This usage charters a 2 year protection. For those who were medicated between 2 to 5 years earlier, a single dose can be administered.
For children ages 2 to 6, they should receive 3 doses, one to 6 weeks apart. It is advised that the 3rd dose be given at least 1 week before departure. Vaccines for this age group warrant a 6 month protection span. If the last dose was 6 months to 5 years earlier, a single booster can be administered.
For Traveler’s Diarrhea caused by ETEC:
For adults and children 2 years and older, 2 doses should be administered, one to 6 weeks apart. It is recommended that the second dose be administered a minimum of 1 week before departure. This dosage warrants protection for 3 months. If the last dosage was 3 months to 5 years earlier, a booster shot can be administered.
For all those using this medicine, once more than 5 years have passed since a full vaccine course has been completed, the entire process should be repeated.
Caution concerning Protection against Cholera and Traveler’s Diarrhea
It must be noted that Full protection against Cholera and Traveler’s Diarrhea is not guaranteed with the use of this vaccine. In the case of diarrhea caused by other organisms, this vaccine won’t be a source of protection. When travelling, persons should take extra precautions to ensure sanity to the food and drink which they are consuming and avoid any form of contamination.
If you are planning to travel outside Canada and wondering if you need to get vaccinated based on your destination country, feel free to call us at (905) 475-2353 or book your appointment online for consultation with our healthcare provider.